Pap smear screening for a sample of female patients with anogenital

  • Alaa Abdulrahman Sulaiman Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
Keywords: Human papillomavirus, Anogenital warts, Pap smear, High-risk female for cervical cancer


Background and objective: Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is closely linked to cancer of the cervix. The Papanicolaou-stained smear is the primary method for detection of high-risk HPV. This study aimed to identify women at risk of developing cervical precancerous lesions.

Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 75 married, non-pregnant women with anogenital warts. Sociodemographic, fertility history, and details of the anogenital wart infection were obtained from all patients through a questionnaire. Pap smear was performed for all patients, and histopathological assessment was done.

Results: The age of the patients ranged from 18 to 55 years. The mean (± SD) age of marriage was 22.2 (± 5.77) years, 12 (16%) women gave birth to a child before the age of 18 years. Filiform warts were identified in 33 (44%) patients, while the acuminate type was found in 24 (32%) patients. Flat warts were seen in nine (12%) patients. There was a significant association between the type of wart and recurrence. Severe erosive cervicitis was found in 45 (60%) smears. Moderate cervicitis was observed in 24 (32%) smears, and six (8%) had mild cervicitis. A significant association was found between duration of the genital wart and cervicitis. Twenty percent had atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance. No malignant changes and no koilocytes were identified.

Conclusion: Early marriage, unawareness of the risk of anogenital warts, and neglecting regular Pap smears are risk factors for developing cervical cancer.


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How to Cite
Sulaiman, A. (2019). Pap smear screening for a sample of female patients with anogenital. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 23(2), 153-162.
Original Articles