Prevalence of computer vision syndrome in Erbil
Background and objective: Nearly all colleges, universities and homes today are regularly using video display terminals, such as computer, iPad, mobile, and TV. Very little research has been carried out on Kurdish users to reveal the effect of video display terminals on the eye and vision. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of computer vision syndrome among computer users.
Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Ophthalmology Department of Rizgary and Erbil teaching hospitals in Erbil city. Those used computers in the months preceding the date of this study were included in the study.
Results: Among 173 participants aged between 8 to 48 years (mean age of 23.28±6.6 years), the prevalence of computer vision syndrome found to be 89.65%. The most disturbing symptom was eye irritation (79.8%), followed by blurred vision(75.7%). Participants who were using visual display terminals for more than six hours per day were at higher risk of developing nearly all symptoms of computer vision syndrome. Significant correlation was found between time-consuming on computer and symptoms such as headache (P <0.001), redness (P <0.001), eye irritation (P <0.001), blurred vision (P <0.001) and neck pain (P <0.001).
Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that more than three-fourths of the participants had one of the symptoms of computer vision syndrome while working on visual display terminals.
Anshel J, Visual Ergonomics Handbook. New York: Taylor and Francis; 2005.
Sen A, Richardson S. A study of computer-related upper limb discomfort and computer vision syndrome. J Hum Ergol 2007; 36:45-50.
Rosenfield M. Computer vision syndrome: A review of ocular causes and potential treatments. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2011; 31:502-15.
American Optometric Association (AOA). The effects of computer use on eye health and vision; 1995. http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/caring-for-your-vision/protecting-your-vision/computer-vision-syndrome. [Last accessed on 2016 May 15].
Hayes JR, Sheedy JE, Stelmack JA, Heaney CA. Computer use, symptoms, and quality of life. Optom Vis Sci 2007; 84:738 44.
Yan Z, Hu L, Chen H, Lu F. Computer vision syndrome: A widely spreading but largely unknown epidemic among computer users. Comput Human Behav 2008; 24:2026-42.
Lemp MA. Report of the National Eye Institute/Industry workshop on Clinical Trials in Dry Eyes.CLAO J 1995; 21(4):221-32.
Rahman ZA, Sanip S. Computer user: Demographic and computer related factors that predispose user to get computer vision syndrome. Int J Bus Humanit Technol 2011; 1:84-91.
Subratty AH, Korumtolee F. Occupational overuse syndrome among keyboard users in Mauritius. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2005; 9:71-5.
Iwakiri K, Mori I, Sotoyama M, Horiguchi K, Ochiai T, Jonai H, et al. Survey on visual and musculoskeletal symptoms in VDT workers. Sangyo Eiseigaku Zasshi 2004; 46:201-12.
Toama Z, Mohamed AA, Hussein NA. Impact of a guideline application on the prevention of occupational overuse syndrome for computer users. J Am Sc 2012; 8:265-82.
Palm P, Risberg EH, Mortimer M, Palmerud G, Toomingas A, Tornqvist EW. Computer use, neck and upperextremity symptoms, eyestrain and headache among female and male upper secondary school students. SJWEH 2007; 3 (Suppl):33-41.
Alexander LM, Currie C. Young people's computer use: Implications for health education. Health Educ 2004; 4:254-61.
Sheedy JE, Shaw-McMinn PG. Diagnosing and treating computer related vision problems. Boston: Butterworth Heinemann; 2003.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The copyright on any article published in Zanco J Med Sci is retained by the author(s) in agreement with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial ShareAlike License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).