Effects of Ramadan fasting on body weight and metabolic profile
Background and objective: Infiltration anesthesia for the posterior region of the mandible has been routinely avoided because of its questionable effectiveness related to the dense cortical bone of the mandible. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of infiltration anesthetic technique on mandibular posterior non-vital teeth.
Methods: Forty four patients aged between 13and 73 years who attended the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in the College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University for extraction of posterior non vital tooth were included in this study. For the infiltration anesthetic technique, patient’s approval was taken. The patients were equally divided into two groups. Group (1) received 0.6 ml out of 1.8 ml of 2% lidocaine with 1:80000 adrenaline injection bucally and the same amount infiltration lingually opposite the intended tooth. Group (2) received 1.5 ml out of 1.8 ml of 2% lidocaine with 1:80000 and the remaining 0.3 ml was injected for long buccal nerve anesthesia.
Results: In group (1), 68.2% had no pain during extraction, showed statistically highly significant difference (P = 009). Gender showed no significant difference. In group (2), 100 % of the patients had no pain during extraction.
Conclusion: Infiltration anesthesia for non-vital mandibular molars is effective as a substitute for inferior alveolar block technique.
Azizi F. Research in Islamic fasting and health. Ann Saudi Med 2002; 122:186-91.
Akanji AO, Mojiminiyi OA, Abdella N. Beneficial changes in serum apo A-1 and its ratio to apo B and HDL in stable hyper-lipidaemic subjects after Ramadan fasting in Kuwait. Euro J Clin Nutr 2000; 54:508-13.
Yucel A, Degirmanci B, Acar M, Albayrak R, Haktanir A. The effect of fasting month of Ramadan of the abdominal fat distribution. Tohoku J Exp Med 2004; 204(3):179-87.
Hind AE, Awad MA. Effect of Ramadan Fasting on blood levels of glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol. S J public health 2006; 1(3):167-75.
Nagra SA, Shaista N, Nomani MZA, Amanat A. The effect of Ramadan fasting on serum protein concentrations. Can J App Sci 2011; 1(2):29-42.
Sarraf-Zadegan N, Atashi M, Naderi GA, Baghai AM, Asgary S, Fatehifar M. The effect of fasting in Ramadan on values and interrelations between biochemical, coagulation and hematological factors. Ann Saudi Med 2000; 20:5-6.
Mansi K. Study the effect of Ramadan fasting on the serum glucose and lipid profile among healthy Jordanian students. A J App Sci 2007; 4(8):565-9.
Ziaee V, Razaei M, Ahmadinejad Z, Shaikh H, Yousefi R, YarmohammadiL, et al. The changes of metabolic profile and weight during Ramadan fasting Singapore Med J 2006; 47(5):409.
Temizhan A, Donderici O, Ouz D, Demirbas B. Is there any effect of Ramadan fasting on acute coronary heart disease events? Int J Cardiol 1999; 70:149-53.
Adlouni A, Ghalim N, Benslimane A, Lecert JM, Saile R. Fasting during Ramadan induces a marked increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decrease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Ann Nutr Metab1997; 41:242-9.
The copyright on any article published in Zanco J Med Sci is retained by the author(s) in agreement with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial ShareAlike License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).