Evaluation of serum levels of homocysteine, C-peptide and lipid profile in type I and type II diabetic patients in Hawler province/Iraq

  • Abdulrahman J Mohammed Department of Clinical Analysis, College of Pharmacy, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq
  • Abdulkader A Alnakshabandi Department of Clinical Analysis, College of Pharmacy, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq
  • Abdulrahman Al-Bazzaz Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Ahliyya Amman University
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Homocysteine, C-peptide, Lipid profile


Background and objective: Diabetes mellitus is associated with many complications such as cardiovascular disease, even in the presence of intensive glycemic control. Homocystein takes part in the development of atherosclerosis and vascular injury and it is suggested to contribute in atherosclerotic process of diabetes mellitus. C-peptide recently used to diagnose diabetes.The present study was designed to evaluate serum levels of Homocysteine, C-peptide levels and lipid profile in diabetic patients.

Methods: This study includes 75 diabetic patients (35 type 1 and 40 type 2) and 30 controls. After 12 hours fasting, serum homocystiene, C-peptide, lipid profile, HbA1c and blood glucose were measured for patients and controls.   

Results: The results showed that homocysteine level in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients significantly increased as compared with controls. And the C-peptide level in type 1 diabetic patient was very low, while in type 2 diabetic patients and in controls was normal. The results also showed that the lipid profiles (except HDL) were increased in diabetic patients.

Conclusion: Serum homocysteine (Hcy) level and lipid profile (except HDL) are significantly elevated in diabetic patients. The C-peptide level in type 1 diabetic patient was very low, while in type 2 and controls was normal.


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How to Cite
Mohammed, A., Alnakshabandi, A., & Al-Bazzaz, A. (2018). Evaluation of serum levels of homocysteine, C-peptide and lipid profile in type I and type II diabetic patients in Hawler province/Iraq. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 17(2), 400-404. https://doi.org/10.15218/zjms.2013.0023
Original Articles