Staphylococcus aureus with reduced vancomycin susceptibility among clinical isolates in Erbil City

  • Aza Bahadeen Taha College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Sabria M.Said Al-Salihi College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
Keywords: Vancomycin creep, Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, MIC creep, Resistance

Abstract

Background and objective: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is responsible for a wide range of diseases and increased number of the strains that acquired resistance to antibiotics. The emergence of Vancomycin resistance of S. aureus has been a significant impact on human health. The distribution of Vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBC) in S. aureus isolates, and compared antibiotic susceptibility to non-glycopeptideantibiotics in different Vancomycin MIC value groupswere assessed in this study. Methods: S. aureuswere isolated by standard method and subjected to MIC tested by broth microdilution method for Vancomycin and eight non-glycopeptideantibiotics, alsoVancomycin MBCs were determined. Results: Approximately 56% of S. aureus with a 0.5 µg/ml Vancomycin MIC were accounted, whereas 1.77% of S. aureushadan 8 µg/ml Vancomycin MIC. In other hand, most S. aureus had 1 and 2 µg/ml Vancomycin MBC. Conclusion: About half of the S. aureus isolates had 0.5 µg/ml of Vancomycin MIC. Relationship between Vancomycin MIC and resistance to non-glycopeptideantibiotics were observed, with increased Vancomycin MIC, the resistance to others antibiotics also elevated, and vice versa.

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Published
2018-09-26
How to Cite
Taha, A., & Al-Salihi, S. (2018). Staphylococcus aureus with reduced vancomycin susceptibility among clinical isolates in Erbil City. Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences (Zanco J Med Sci), 18(1), 651_658. https://doi.org/10.15218/zjms.2014.0010
Section
Original Articles