Daily living activities among geriatric residents at geriatric homes in Erbil and Sulaimaniyah cities, Kurdistan Region
Background and objective: Maintaining the ability to perform basic self-care activities by
the older adults is fundamental to maintaining their independence and quality of life. This
study aimed to assess the level of functional dependency of the residents of geriatric
homes in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah cities.
Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 94 older adults living in geriatric homes
in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah cities. Data was collected on the socio-demographic
characteristics, clinical characteristics, social issues and daily recreation activities of the
participants using a questionnaire. Nine essential activities of daily living were assessed
through a three-point Likert scale of independent, requires assistance and dependent.
Results: The mean and standard deviation age of the participants was 71.88 ± 8.94 years
(range 60-81 years). Around half (43.6%) of the participants had at least one dependent
activity. The level of dependency was highest in shopping, climbing stairs and bathing
activities. Dependency of activities of daily living was significantly (P <0.001) higher in
females than males; in illiterate and those read and write than primary school graduates
and secondary school and higher level graduates; in those self-employed before entering
geriatric home than retired and unemployed; and in ex-smokers and non-smokers than
Conclusion: The level of independency in the different daily living activities was relatively
high, which might be attributed to having a younger age group of elderly in the
geriatric homes. Dependency was significantly associated with the sex, education level,
employment status and smoking status of the participants.
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