Incidence of post transplant diabetes mellitus in Erbil Teaching Hospital
Background and objective: The onset of post-transplant diabetes mellitus has been linked to higher rates of cardiovascular disease and infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of post renal transplant diabetes. More specifically, they study tried to find out the demography of patients with post transplant diabetes mellitus, their anthropometric measures, the incidence rate in different periods and among different demographic variables.
Methods: Seventy patients transplanted in different centers in Iraq were enrolled in the study. The patients were followed up for more than one year during their visits and or admission to the Dialysis Unit in Erbil Teaching Hospital during the period between 1/12/2006 and 1/4/2008. The statistical package for the social sciences (version 14) was used for data entry and analysis.
Results: Fifty four patients were male and 16 patients were female. Their ages ranged between 14 and 65 years with a mean of 36 years. Thirty one percent of them developed post transplant diabetes mellitus; 14% developed post transplant diabetes mellitus at early while 17% developed post transplant diabetes mellitus at late period. A significant association was found between increased age and triglyceride and post transplant diabetes mellitus.
Conclusion: Post transplant diabetes mellitus is an important complication that the transplant physicians should screen for in every transplanted patient. Increasing age and serum triglyceride levels may be regarded as predictors for the development of post transplant diabetes mellitus
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